In recent years, cell therapy technologies have resulted in impressive results in hematologic malignancies. Treatment of solid tumors with chimeric antigen receptor T-cells (CAR-T) has been less successful. Solid tumors present challenges not encountered with hematologic cancers, including high intra-tumoral pressure and ineffective CAR-T trafficking to the site of disease. Novel delivery methods may enable CAR-T therapies for solid tumor malignancies. A patient with liver metastases secondary to pancreatic adenocarcinoma received CAR-T targeting carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Previously we reported that Pressure-Enabled Drug Delivery (PEDD) enhanced CAR-T delivery to liver metastases 5.2-fold. Three doses of anti-CEA CAR-T were regionally delivered via hepatic artery infusion (HAI) using PEDD technology to optimize the therapeutic index. Interleukin-2 was systemically delivered by continuous intravenous infusion to support CAR-T in vivo. HAI of anti-CEA CAR-T was not associated with any serious adverse events (SAEs) above grade 3 and there were no on-target/ off-tumor SAEs. Following CAR-T treatment, positron emission tomography-CT demonstrated a complete metabolic response within the liver, which was durable and sustained for 13 months. The response was accompanied by normalization of serum tumor markers and an abundance of CAR+ cells found within post-treatment tumor specimens. The findings from this report exhibit biologic activity and safety of regionally infused CAR-T for an indication with limited immune-oncology success to date. Further studies will determine how HAI of CAR-T may be included in multidisciplinary treatment plans for patients with liver metastases. ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02850536.
DASILVA, N.A., BARLOCK, B.J., GUHA, P. ET AL. PROTEOMIC SIGNATURES OF MYELOID DERIVED SUPPRESSOR CELLS FROM LIVER AND LUNG METASTASES REVEAL FUNCTIONAL DIVERGENCE AND POTENTIAL THERAPEUTIC TARGETS. CELL DEATH DISCOV. 7, 232 (2021). HTTPS://DOI.ORG/10.1038/S41420-021-00621-X